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FOOT CONDITIONS EXPLAINED

Below is an overview of some of the most commonly seen foot problems.

CALLUSES (HARD SKIN)

Calluses are hard, rough areas of skin that can develop on the heel or the skin under the ball of your foot. They’re larger than corns and often don’t have a well-defined edge. Because callused skin is thick, it’s usually less sensitive to touch and feel than the surrounding skin.

DIABETIC FOOT CARE

People with diabetes generally have high levels of blood glucose, which can affect the circulation and nervous system. The resultant reduction in blood supply to the feet can damage nerve endings leading to peripheral neuropathy, an insensitivity in feet that means you lose the ability to feel pain, or to distinguish hot and cold.

Poor circulation makes it more of a challenge for the body to heal, so a minor cut, sore or wound left unchecked could lead to serious complications and, in the worst cases, amputation.

 For further information, see our diabetic foot assessment page.

INGROWN TOENAILS

Ingrown toenails pierce the surrounding skin, causing it to become tender, red and swollen. They can be extremely painful and may become infected or inflamed. They commonly occur on the big toe, on one or both sides, though they can develop on any toe.

Ingrown toenails can be caused by poor nail-cutting technique, ill-fitting shoes, injury, or simply genetics.

For further information, see our toenail surgery page.

ATHLETE’S FOOT (TINEA PEDIS)

Athlete’s foot is a fungal skin infection that usually appears between the toes. It can lead to intense itching and the skin may become red, scaly, dry, cracked or blistered.

Athlete’s foot thrives in warm, damp conditions, hence it’s most commonly found in sportspeople who use communal changing rooms, and it’s highly contagious, passing easily between people. If left untreated, large, painful fissures can develop, and the infection may spread.

FLAT FEET (OVER-PRONATED FEET OR PES PLANUS)

Having flat feet, also known as over-pronated feet or fallen arches, means your feet have little or no arches, causing them to press almost flat against the ground. While some people with this issue have no problems, the resulting overstraining of ligaments or muscles can lead to problems in the feet, ankles, knees, hips or back.

Flat feet is often a genetic issue, although it’s also caused by joint hypermobility or a disease of the nervous system.

For information on treating flat feet, see our podiatry page.

METATARSLGIA (INCLUDING MORTON’S NEUROMA, CAPSULITIS, ETC.)

Metatarslgia is a common overuse injury resulting in pain in the front of your foot. It commonly occurs in the area where the ball of your foot meets the second, third and fourth toes.

Metatarslgia causes pain, and sometimes a burning or aching sensation in the ball of your foot, with the intensity of the pain varying from mild to severe. Symptoms don’t suddenly appear, but tend to develop gradually over several months.

There are a number of different causes including ill-fitting shoes, being overweight, or taking part in high impact sports. It’s often associated with and can be a symptom for other foot problems such as Morton’s neuroma, a thickening or enlargement of nerve tissue at the base of the third and fourth toes, or capsulitis, a condition where the toe ligaments become inflamed, usually affecting the second toe.

For information on treating metatarslgia, see our podiatry page.

CORNS

Corns are small areas of thick skin caused by pressure or friction. They generally form over bony areas, such as the top and sides of toes or on the soles of feet, although they can appear anywhere. They have a central core that may be painful if it presses on a nerve.

VERRUCAE

Verrucae are warts that appear on the feet. They’re often mistaken for corns or calluses but they have their own blood supply and nerves, which means they can be incredibly painful, and they have a tendency to spread if left untreated.

Also called plantar warts, they’re caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV), which is highly contagious and passed on by direct human contact. The virus thrives in warm, damp conditions, such as swimming pools or changing room floors, and can be passed on by walking on the same piece of floor as an infected person.

For further information, see our verrucae treatment page.

ONYCHOMYCOSIS

Fungal nail infection, or onychomycosis, is the most common nail disease. The infection can affect one or several nails on both feet, and ranges from mild to severe. It can cause your toenails to thicken, discolour to white or cream, and it may affect the quality of the nail, causing it to become brittle and crumbly. It’s most commonly caused by the spread of a fungal skin infection, such as athlete’s foot.

For further information, see our fungal nail treatment page

PLANTAR FASCIITIS (HEEL PAIN)

Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain, caused by an inflammation of the plantar fascia, a strong fibrous ligament that gives the sole of the foot its arch or shape.

There are a number of ways you can develop plantar fasciitis, including, flat feet, obesity, ill-fitting shoes that don’t support your feet, standing for long periods, and excessive running or walking, especially when it involves a change of surface such as road to track.

For information on treating plantar fasciitis, see our podiatry page.

HIGH ARCHES (SUPINATED FEET OR PES CAVUS)

Having high-arched or cavus feet means you have a condition where your foot has a very high arch. It’s the opposite of flat feet, and it’s a less common condition.

High arches usually develop in both feet at a young age and most of the time this is hereditary. However, some congenital conditions condition such as cerebral palsy or congenital foot club, a neuromuscular disease such poliomyelitis or Charcot-Marie-tooth disease, or a hereditary condition can lead to high-arched feet.

It can be a more problematic condition than flat feet, as it results in increased stress on the heel and ball of the foot.

For information on treating high-arched feet, see our podiatry page.

SHIN SPLINTS AND OTHER RUNNING-RELATED PAINS

Shin splints is a pain or swelling in the front of the lower limbs, which usually appears after repetitive activities, like running or walking. There are a number of causes for the condition, including flat feet, bad running technique, worn-out or ill-fitting trainers, and walking or running on uneven surfaces.

For information on treating shin splints and other running-related pains, see our podiatry page.

Based on 88 reviews.
Ray Hutchinson
Ray Hutchinson
2022-04-14
Verified
Excellent!
Steve B
Steve B
2022-02-08
Verified
Very through and informative examination to find the cause of the problem and an action plan for correction. Friendly and professional. Very impressed.
PADDY DODD
PADDY DODD
2022-01-19
Verified
Fantastic service and very pleasant inside. Reena is a brilliant podiatrist - she immediately spotted what was causing my pain on the soles of each foot. She patiently sorted it out with her instruments (no pain) and I walked out completely satisfied.
Marlon Hunte
Marlon Hunte
2021-11-08
Verified
I came for the first time to feet by pody and Shaho really welcomed me in, made me feel comfortable and relaxed. He found the problem and explained the science behind where a corn comes. I would 100% recommend him to anyone with feet problems. I feel like a new man 5 star 👍👍👍
Luke Oates
Luke Oates
2021-11-01
Verified
I cannot recommend Feet by Pody enough! They successfully treated and got rid of a longstanding and persistent verruca that I had had for >5 years. The cryotherapy treatment I had was painless and the prices for appointments/ treatments are very reasonable given the high level of care you receive. Huge thanks to Reena Patel who was the chiropodist I have been seeing most recently. She was super professional, efficient and clearly knows her stuff! Thank you again!
Paul Spencer
Paul Spencer
2021-10-13
Verified
Very helpful, informative and kind service. Varsha laid out the treatment options, explained the procedure and aftercare fully, and above all was very kind throughout. Would highly recommend!
Daphne Tsang
Daphne Tsang
2021-08-27
Verified
The treatment was smooth and effective. Varsha was really kind and patient despite my hearing issues. She was also very reassuring during the sessions. It was a relief to hear that my toes are looking a lot better during the assessment visit. I would definitely recommend her! Thank you again for the help 🙂
ANGELA ARISTIDOU
ANGELA ARISTIDOU
2021-08-16
Verified
Exceptional care AND (very importantly) excellent aftercare! Basically I can say they were absolutely impeccable in their professionalism and care. I absolutely recommend them. I called on a Tuesday to ask for an emergency appointment. I received a call back immediately by the podiatrist (not an assistant). The podiatrist took great care with the prior history, and offered an urgent appointment on Wednesday. We decided to remove the nail. The surgery was painless, and the aftercare support brilliant. - I was given a What’sUp number to reach the podiatrist for any concerns. I sent her some photos and received immediate responses. I was very impressed, very impressed indeed. - The price included only one after-surgery appointment but they gave me two and did not flinch about it.
Travel Reviewer
Travel Reviewer
2021-08-12
Verified
Always really good service. Professional. Clean. Great job. Highly recommend.
Tiger BJJ Team
Tiger BJJ Team
2021-06-24
Verified
Highly recommend Reena is a lovely person always makes my visits enjoyable 9